Origin of Dravidians.
The Dravidian race consists predominantly of south Indians. They are characterized by their dark complexion, large foreheads and dark hair and eyes. According to experts, this race arrived in India around 3000 B C.The word Dravida may also have its origin from Sanskrit ‘drava’ – meaning “flowing” or “watery”. The word Dravidian may have been used to identify people living close to the water.
The Dravidians were India’s first inhabitants.Archaeologists believe the Dravidians migrated to India from East Africa in prehistoric times.After their settlement in India, they established a very sophisticated culture. Their religion was earth centric and was based on the worship of life-giving forces in nature. They made offerings of plants and herbs to these force.
Similarities between their complexion, forehead structure and bone structure support this claim.The experiments were regarding the early coastal migration of human beings to Australia. Because, according to the theory, the first time man migrated from Africa was to Australia. India proved a critical turning point as genetic testing of isolated Indian populations produces a key genetic marker linking India as a crossroad for the journey of man to both Australia and Central Asia. So Experimenters were looking in the south of India because most Indian scientists said that the oldest population in India stayed in south India. And it was found out in the experiments that these people were Dravidians.
The Indus Valley civilization with its main cities Mohenjadaro and Harappa flourished for over eight centuries.Its people thought to be Dravidians.The proto-Dravidian language was placed at the scene of the Harappan culture. The prominent language groups of the Dravidians today are Brahue in the north, Gonds in north and central India, Kannadigan in Karnataka and Maharastra, Malayali in Kerala, Tamil in the South, and Telugu in Andhra Pradesh. Inscriptions at Harappan sites suggest a resemblance to the old Tamil that is spoken by Dravidians in southern India today. Geneticists are now exploring relatedness among speakers of over 20 different language groups associated with the Dravidians.
Much remains mysterious and controversial about the ruins and artifacts and one of the most sensitive issues is the Harappan language, which is preserved mostly on carved seals. The Russian philologist Iu. V. Knorosov, after preliminary investigation, thought it might be Dravidian, which has been confirmed to a degree by computer analysis.
With the arrival of the Aryans in India around 1500 B C, the Dravidian’s saw a shift from nature-worship to the worship of gods and goddesses based in heaven. Their rituals now involved fire and smoke.The roots of Hinduism and the caste system are believed to have been established by Aryans in India.
With the decline in Indus Valley Civilization, the Dravidians established a rich culture in south and central India. Their contribution to the development of language and literature is immense. All the major languages used in south India are of Dravidian origin
A old Tamil literature claims the lost land of ‘kumarikandam’ as it’s homeland,which might be a part of super continent.The native Australians look-alike copycats of the Dravidians.this resemblance supports the kumarikandam’s existence and it’s connection with the Australia and Africa.Even though the dravidians was proven good sailors,there is less possibility that they were arrived in india by sea.As there is no scientifically proven evidence available for the sunken kumarikandam’s existence ,the origin of this race remains still mysterious as any other race of humanity for that matter..